Business Address

Law Office of Randall A. Fischer P.A. At Stuart

2100 SE Ocean Blvd #203, Stuart,
Martin, Florida 34996
Phone: (772) 463-7737

Randall A. Fischer, P.A.

725 SE Port St Lucie Blvd #206, Port St. Lucie
St. Lucie, Florida 34984-5232
Phone: (772) 463-7738

Randall A. Fischer, P.A. Law Office At Jupiter

1080 East Indiantown Road #104
Jupiter, Florida 33477
Phone: (561) 316-7111

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Bankruptcy Lawyer Randall A. Fischer in Stuart, FL

I would like to take the opportunity to welcome you to my website.  I am an attorney practicing law in Stuart, Port St. Lucie, and Jupiter, Florida.  My practice focuses on Bankruptcy, Civil Litigation, Business and Corporate Law, Foreclosure Defense, Real Estate, and Wills, Trusts and Estates.  I am also a Florida Supreme Court Certified Appellate, Circuit Civil, and Family Mediator.  I am admitted to the Florida Bar, the U.S. Court of Appeals for the 11th Circuit, the U.S. District Court, Southern District, the U.S. District Court, Middle District, the U.S. District Court, Northern District, the U.S. District Court for the Southern District, Bankruptcy, the U.S. District Court for the Middle District, Bankruptcy, and the U.S. District Court for the Northern District, Bankruptcy.

I believe in the hands on approach when working with my clients.  You will find this out when you make your appointment to come and see me.  If you are facing a legal dilemma and would like to schedule a free 15-minute consultation, please give my office a call.  When you talk me, Randall A. Fischer is my formal name, but most people address me as Randy Fischer, so please feel free to call me Randy.

I know every situation is unique and it is important to achieve the optimal outcome.  Exploring and explaining your legal options, gives you an opportunity to better understand your legal circumstances.  The goal is problem solving:  Providing the Legal Solutions that are resourceful, intelligent, and practical.  I also believe a lawyer should be candid.  Clients need to know how I honestly appraise the situation.

If you would like to send us an email, please click here.

As an introduction to this site and to assist you in navigating, this narrative and the internal back links here to address specific concerns you may have.  I have tried to make this as easy as possible.  If you would rather go through the menu items, please be my guest.  If you have questions, please give my office a call.  The narrative will breakdown the specific areas of practice and provides a brief synopsis of what is contained within the site.  It is my hope that you find this helpful.

As you can see from my menu, my primary areas of practice are Bankruptcy, Civil Litigation, Business and Corporate Law, Foreclosure Defense, Real Estate Law, Mediation, and Wills, Trusts, and Estates.  I have offices in Stuart, Port St. Lucie, and Jupiter.  I have been an area resident for over 10 years.  As a lawyer and a community member, I am in touch what happens in the area.  I am on the Board of Directors of and am also the Lawyer for St. Lucie Habitat for Humanity, which serves Port St. Lucie, Fort Pierce, and all of St. Lucie County.

This narrative is on-going in nature.  I will continue to add sections as I add pages and videos detailing additional sections above.

Bankruptcy: Chapter 7 Bankruptcy Lawyer Stuart, Port St. Lucie, and Jupiter FL

Bankruptcy has always had terrible connotations.  It stirs feelings of anxiety and fear.  Unfortunately, many people wait too long before even considering this option because of these fears.  They deplete IRA’s and other potentially exempt assets before making a decision to even contact an attorney.  This is a big mistake.  It is important to understand both sides of a bankruptcy.  Although there may be many fears, with proper legal guidance, most, if not all, you will discover were irrational.  Further, the phone calls will stop.   You may be able to keep your car and depending on your circumstance, you may be able to keep credit cards.  It just depends on you individual circumstances.   If you are in hole and cannot find a way to get out, don’t ask for another shovel.  Call my office.

Bankruptcy for consumers is usually either a Chapter 7 Bankruptcy or a Chapter 13 Bankruptcy (there are instances where a Chapter 11 Bankruptcy can be used, but we will not go into that here).

Chapter 7 Bankruptcy is a liquidation bankruptcy.  In general, what this means is assets are liquidated in bankruptcy to satisfy creditors.  Not everyone can file for Chapter 7 Bankruptcy.  First, the debtor must be able to pass the means test. The means test is an income evaluation.  If a debtor falls below the Median income, or passes the means test, they will be able to file for Chapter 7 Bankruptcy.

Another consideration, when deciding whether or not to file for Chapter 7 Bankruptcy is the value of your assets.  If the debtor has many valuable assets, Chapter 7 Bankruptcy may not be the appropriate solution.  Every case is different.  It is important to know the value of your assets and how to value your assets in Chapter 7 Bankruptcy.

Once the value of the assets is determined, the debtor will need to know what exemptions are available in Chapter 7 Bankruptcy.  There are also additional Statutory Chapter 7 Bankruptcy exemptions available which should be reviewed with you by your attorney to protect as much of your property as possible.  In the event not all of the assets can be protected with the exemptions available in Chapter 7 Bankruptcy, the Trustee will negotiate with the attorney for the value of the asset, liquidate the asset, or abandon any interest in the asset.

There is also credit counseling and debtor education that must be completed when filing for Chapter 7 Bankruptcy.  The credit counseling must be completed before filing and the debtor education after filing.  Once the Chapter 7 Bankruptcy is filed, the 341 Hearing/meeting of creditors is scheduled between 20 and 40 days from the date of filing.  The Bankruptcy discharge is filed, barring any unforeseen difficulties, 60 days from the date of the 341 hearing.  To answer the question, “How long does it take to complete a Chapter 7 Bankruptcy?; approximately 90 days from the date of filing subject to individual circumstances.

If you find yourself in debt in Stuart, Port St. Lucie, or Jupiter Fl, and need to discuss your situation with an experienced hands-on Bankruptcy lawyer, give me a call at my Stuart Law office number or call and schedule a free appointment.  It is not the end of the world, it can be a new beginning.

Chapter 13 Bankruptcy Lawyer Stuart, Port St. Lucie, and Jupiter, FL

Chapter 13 Bankruptcy is planned bankruptcy which can be used in the event that you do not qualify for a Chapter 7 Bankruptcy or if you wish to retain property which could not have been otherwise protect in chapter 7 Bankruptcy.

It is important to determine what your “disposable income” is.  Under a Chapter 13 Bankruptcy plan, the debtor is required to pay his/her/their creditors at least as much money as the creditors would have received if the debtor(s) had filed a Chapter 7 petition.

Determining the value of your assets, the equity you may have in those assets, and ultimately the liquidity of your assets is extremely important when examined against your available exemptions.

If you are uncertain about bankruptcy and need assistance, please give my office a call. Supplemental Web pages are under construction and will be added with the supplemental text in the near future.

Civil Litigation Lawyer Stuart, Port St. Lucie, and Jupiter, FL

Civil litigation is a broad area and incorporates actions between individuals, organizations, partnerships, corporations, LLC’s, and any other legal entity which may be able to establish legal standing to bring or defend an action.  The causes of action can range from Breach of Contract and Tortious interference with a contractual relationship to Fraud or personal injury.  If you have questions as to whether your legal rights have been violated or are being sued and need a diligent advocate, contact my office.

In Civil litigation, there are myriad of strategies employed to move a case in a positive of direction.  Clients are surprised when they learn that the burden of proof (the duty of providing a fact which is in dispute), the burden of moving forward, and degree of proof can shift and change as a case progresses.

It is vitally important to determine the underlying facts and to preserve the supporting evidence at the beginning of dispute which may result in a legal action.  Contacting an attorney may be the last thing on your mind when you are involved in an accident, but it is important to make sure the incident and factual circumstances surrounding the incident are properly investigated and preserved.  Many Civil Lawsuits are won or lost based upon the integrity of the evidence.  Witness memories fade, documentary evidence gets lost or destroyed, digital evidence deleted.  If you live in Martin County, Palm Beach County, or St. Lucie County and need help in any civil litigation matter, please don’t hesitate to call and schedule a free consultation.  We can discuss your situation over the phone.  Please give me the opportunity to be your lawyer in Port St. Lucie, Stuart, or Jupiter.

Products Liability Lawyer Stuart, Port St. Lucie, and Jupiter, FL

As mentioned above products liability cases or lawsuits are a type of civil action.  Many people associate products liability actions with class actions, which may be true in some product liability actions but not all.  A defect in the design of a mass marketed product which could have an impact on a large number of victims could result in a class action.  A class action could also arise out of a breach of the duty to warn about hazards associated with a mass marketed product.  However, there are also situations in which a single product was defectively manufactured which resulted in a injuries.  This too would be grounds for a product liability action.

If you live in Stuart, Port St. Lucie or Jupiter Florida and have been injured by a product as a result of a defect in design, manufacture or failure or inadequate warning, please give my office a call and schedule a free consultation.

Foreclosure Defense/Loan Modification/Short Sales/Deed in Lieu:

This area of practice grew out of the economic recession.  Ten years ago, these activities rarely occurred.  Today, especially in Florida, these methods are now commonplace when determining how to effectively address a financially distressed property owner.  What I want the reader to know here is some general information.  Every situation is fact specific.  If you live in Stuart, Port St. Lucie or Jupiter and need a lawyer, please call my office.

What is foreclosure defense?  When a homeowner/property owner falls behind on their mortgage payments, they potentially breach the terms of the mortgage and note used to finance the purchase of their property.  The mortgage is the security instrument and the note is the promise to pay.  In the event the Homeowner falls behind and the holder of the note and mortgage move forward to exercise their interest (i.e. filing a complaint for foreclosure), the homeowner can avail themselves of any defenses.  These defenses may be statutory, a breach of the note or mortgage documents, improper execution of the documents, or other defenses.

There have been many errors in how cases were prepared and many foreclosure actions were conducted improperly (i.e. robo signing, missing notes, improper standing, improperly verified complaints, etc…).  Surprisingly, these issues still arise today.  In order to foreclose, the bank needs to make sure it has properly complied with the law.  Banks have been penalized for these practices.

The law is constantly changing and it is important to know how those changes can affect your case.  In foreclosure defense, recent changes have far reaching implications for homeowners.  These changes went into effect on July 1, 2013 and contained on a separate post on this page.  If you are facing financial difficulties, problems with your mortgage, or other financial, contractual, or real estate issues and need a lawyer in Stuart, Port St. Lucie, or Jupiter FL, please give my office a call or click on this link to jump to the contact us page.

Loan Modification

One of the opportunities which have arisen as a result of the foreclosure crisis is the federally sponsored programs to modify home loans.  Financially distressed homeowners have been able to modify their mortgages under HAMP (Home Affordability Modification Program).  Many Lenders have also put together in-house programs for homeowners that do not qualify for HAMP.

Often loan modification efforts go hand-in-hand with foreclosure defense.  The homeowner wishes to gain additional time to file and update the paperwork necessary to qualify for the program.  It is very important to note that the application for a modification will not stop an existing foreclosure case.  The two activities run concurrently.  It is equally important to know that the modification programs are simply that.  They are programs.  A homeowner is not entitled to a modification simply because the application was submitted.  The Lender can deny the modification and continue with the foreclosure (which has been moving forward simultaneously).

The paperwork…this is stated with a capital P.  The paperwork for the modification is the most arduous task associated with the process.  Why?  The paperwork has to be completely and properly filled out.  The supporting documentation must be included and any supporting documentation which may change from month to month will need to be updated and submitted at least every 30 days (pay stubs, bank statements, etc…).  It is important to work with a lawyer familiar with the process.  Many qualified borrowers have been turned-down due to paperwork deficiencies or incomplete applications.

Also, many homeowners only want a loan modification if there is a principal reduction.  Principal reductions have occurred, but are an exception rather than the norm.  If you need a lawyer extremely familiar with the loan modification process in Stuart FL, Port St. Lucie FL, or Jupiter FL, please give me a call.

Short Sale

What are a homeowner’s options when the Lender overcomes the defenses, a loan modification is not viable, denied or unaffordable?  This is where a short sale or a deed-in-lieu may help a homeowner mitigate liability.  The short sale is where the homeowner sells the property for less than what is owed.  How?  First, if you are not in a foreclosure process and do not have an attorney, I recommend hiring a lawyer.

You will need a real estate agent familiar with short sales to complete CMA (Comparative Market Analysis) or a BPO (Broker Price Opinion).  A CMA/BPO will determine the approximate value of the property.  The property needs to be listed for the approximate value to be an effective short sale.  If the property is listed too low, the lender will most likely not approve the sale or may counter-offer at a price which the buyer is unwilling to accept.

The homeowner will need to provide the lender with the requisite short sale paperwork which will accompany a contract to purchase (i.e. an accepted offer).  This paperwork is submitted to the lender for review.  This process can take quite some time.  The lender will accept, reject, or counter-offer.  Again, as with a modification, while the bank is reviewing the short sale, continue to update your documentation which may change at least every 30 days (pay stubs, bank statements, etc…).

During the review process and so long as the program is available, the homeowner may be eligible for HAFA (Home Affordability Financial Assistance) funds.  These funds may be available provided the homeowner meets the eligibility requirements.  There is a separate review for this program.  This is a program not an entitlement.  Several homeowners have applied for this program, waited an even longer time for the HAFA review and have been denied funds or have had the buyers walk away from the deal or both.  Others have received significant funds.  It is a gamble you should discuss with your attorney.  The delays created by the application and approval process for HAFA funds could result in a foreclosure before you receive bank approval for your short sale.

Short sale counter offers usually ask for more money from the buyer.  The lender’s primary concern is what it will net from the transaction.  Lenders have also asked the seller to sign an unsecured note to pay for part of the deficiency (the difference between the money owed through the note and the sale price of the home), cut commissions for the realtors involved, shifted closing costs, etc…Again, the bottom line the lender wants to know is what are they going to receive.

It is important to note that while the lender is reviewing the documents for the short sale, if the property is involved in a foreclosure action, it may be foreclosed upon before the lender finishes the review.  As with a modification or a deed in lieu, a short sale submitted for review by the lender does not stop the foreclosure action in court.  They occur simultaneously on parallel tracks.

If the residence is a primary homesteaded residence, the homeowner falls under the Mortgage Debt Relief Act of 2007 through December 31, 2013.  It is important to discuss this with your attorney.  The Mortgage Debt Relief act was not extended by Congress in December of 2013.  Although this could have some dire tax consequences for homeowners short selling their homes, it is not the final nail in the coffin for this Act.  As recently as March of 2014, there has been some talk in Congress to extend the Act.  It is important to be aware of the potential tax liability associated with short sales.  When the deficiency is waived and without an extension of this Act, there could be some tax consequences.  Do your homework.  Look-up the Act online and talk to your Lawyer and/or your accountant.  If you have any questions, please give me a call.

Deed in Lieu of Foreclosure

If there is no interest in the home (by that, I mean there are no offers on the home), the homeowner can request the lender grant a deed in lieu of foreclosure.  The lender is not obligated to accept a deed in lieu of foreclosure, but many lenders will, provided the homeowner is eligible.  There are also HAFA funds available to qualified homeowners.  Again, this is not a guaranteed program.  The lender does not have to give the homeowner a deed in lieu or cash for keys.

The lender will usually require the homeowner to submit the same paperwork for a short sale.  Lenders usually like to see the property listed on the market for at least 3 months before considering a deed in lieu of foreclosure.  There is the same review process and the lender can either grant a deed in lieu of foreclosure or foreclose on the property

If you are facing financial difficulties and need a lawyer in Stuart, Port St. Lucie or Jupiter, Florida, please give my office a call.

Wills, Trusts, and Estates

Benjamin Franklin’s adage:  “In this world nothing can be said to be certain, except death and taxes” is as profound as it is simple.  In the inevitability lies the ability to plan.  Estate Planning through a review of your assets and determining what you would like to accomplish is actually a very rewarding exercise.  A failure to plan will result in the decisions made by the State of Florida.  This could end up costing your loved ones quite a bit of emotional and financial distress.  Many times this distress could have been avoided with even a simple will.

If you don’t know where to start or do have a plan but don’t know how to execute it, please give my office a call.  I am a lawyer willing to sit with you and see what we can do to make sure your requests are met.

The information on the Law offices of Randall A. Fischer/ website is for general information purposes only. Nothing on this or associated pages, documents, comments, answers, emails, or other communications should be taken as legal advice for any individual case or situation. This information on this website is not intended to create, and receipt or viewing of this information does not constitute, an attorney-client relationship.


One of the consequences of not making payments on a secured loan is that the security can be repossessed.  Many have faced this very difficult situation whether it is due to the changes in the economic climate or changes in personal situations.  Whether you live in Stuart, Jupiter or Port St. Lucie, repossession is a reality.  Often the car, boat, trailer, RV or other secured asset, when sold at auction does not cover the entire note.  The remaining balance due under the note is still owed the creditor and subject to collection and legal action.  Therefore, it is important to attempt to mitigate this potential liability as soon as possible.  If you know you are facing a short term cash flow issue, contact your creditor and see if you can work out a forbearance program or make interest only payments for a period of time until you get back on track.  If you are unable to work-out a viable plan with your creditor, call my office and schedule an appointment.  We can discuss your financial situation and explore whatever options are available.  It is not a good idea to just ignore the situation and hope it will go away.  There may be additional costs and fees associated with actions taken by the creditor to not only repossess the secured property, but to collect on the deficiency debt as well.

If you are looking for a lawyer in Stuart, Port St. Lucie or Jupiter FL, please give my office a call.

Again, if you need a lawyer in Stuart FL, Port St. Lucie FL, and Jupiter FL, please call my office for a free consultation.  Thank you for visiting my website.

What does Duress Mean?

What does Duress Mean?

Duress may have been mentioned in the past as a method by which someone could break a contract, however, what does duress mean?  Legally, it is a set of circumstances whereby the individual under duress involuntarily accepted the terms of another; that those circumstances permitted no other alternative and that those same circumstances were the result of the coercive acts of the opposite party.  That is a mouthful and may appear to be a bit confusing.

I have heard clients arguing duress as a defense when they had many alternatives available and although they perceived they were under a coercive pressure, it was more a perception than a reality.  Duress is a viable defense.  For example, the video below mentions signing a contract or there will be serious bodily harm.  That, it could be argued, is duress.  However, duress is not as cut and dry as it would first appear.  Issues as to whether the party arguing duress behaved in a voluntary or involuntary manner or whether there existed no other alternative.

Whether or not there is another alternative is a very intriguing proposition when addressing the question:  What does Duress mean?  Often, clients argue they signed under duress because the contract they signed or the agreement they made was the best alternative considering their situation.  It was not the optimal outcome and often far from it.  However, there is a perception of pressure which has placed them in this difficult position.  Unexplored alternatives is one of the very reasons it it important to discuss your options with a Lawyer prior?  Duress is a viable defense but should be carefully analyzed to see if it is a viable defense.

I hope this brief discussion has been helpful.  If you find yourself in a difficult situation and feel you have no other alternative, call a lawyer.  If you live in Stuart, Port St. Lucie or Jupiter, give my office a call.  It is important to make the call before you get into a situation whereby you have to assert duress as a legal defense.  The only way to find out is to make the call.

I appreciate the time you have taken to review my website.  Thank you and have a wonderful day.

What does indemnification mean?

What does indemnification mean?

Law Firm serving Stuart, Port St. Lucie and Jupiter FL

Indemnification is not a term to be taken lightly in a contract.  When one party indemnifies another, they are agreeing to compensate or guaranteeing against the loss of another party.  In layman’s terms, the person indemnifying is agreeing to pay for or cover the losses of the party they are indemnifying.  Indemnification is a method of shifting the risk associated with a contractual relationship.  It is very important to understand the context of how the term is used in a contract to fully evaluate the potential exposure when entering the agreement.

Know what you are agreeing to before you agree to it.  Indemnification is not just a big legal word.  It carries huge potential implications.  If you are negotiating a contract or are co-signing an agreement as a guarantor, or entering a lease, or any other agreement, it would behoove you to contact a lawyer to review it before you sign.  After you have signed it, it is too late.  You have already agreed to the terms.

If you need lawyer to review or help negotiate a contract in Stuart, Port St. Lucie or Jupiter FL, please give my office a call.

Thank you for visiting my website!


What is a 1099-C?

What is a 1099-C?

As tax time rolls around, clients begin to call asking about receiving a 1099-C for debts settled in the previous tax year. The 1099-C is for Cancellation of Debt Income for the previous tax year. This can be issued for several reasons. What usually happens for my clients is we have negotiated a settlement for less than what was owed on a debt for the previous tax year. The 1099-C is generated by the creditor indicating the difference between the debt owed and the settlement amount.

A quick example would be as follows: Client has a credit card debt of $10,000.00. We negotiate a settlement in the amount of $3,000.00. Client receives a 1099-C from the creditor in the amount of $7,000.00. Whether or not this is subject to taxation is an issue you should discuss with your accountant.

It is important to understand as the debtor that debts settle for over $600.00 or more may generate 1099-C, which could increase your tax liability. The liability will be less than the original debt owed. However, often, it is forgotten until the 1099-C is received the following January.

If you have any questions regarding Bankruptcy, Debt Settlement, or need a Lawyer for a civil litigation matter and live in Stuart, Port St. Lucie or Jupiter, please give me a call. Thank you so much for visiting my website. The video below briefly discusses what a 1099-C is and how to address it. If you feel you have received a 1099-C improperly, do not ignore it, contact your accountant.